​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Short Selling​​​​

Short selling, or “shorting,” is the practice of selling securities that the seller does not currently own, and subsequently repurchasing them ("covering"). If a broker has sold securities short, it must borrow those securities in order to fulfill its settlement obligation in the securities settlement system. ​

The short-seller hopes to profit from a decline in the price of the assets between their sale and their repurchase, as, in that scenario, the seller will pay less to buy the assets than it received when selling them. On the other hand, the short-seller will incur a loss if the price of the a​ssets rises, as it will have to buy them at a higher price than it sold them. There is no theoretical limit to the loss that a short seller can incur.​

Short selling is a legitimate trading strategy on the floor of the Nigerian Stock Exchange, provided that, prior to initiating a trade on a security, that security has been borrowed and is in the account of the seller. Naked short selling – the practice of selling shares a broker does not own without borrowing them or making arrangements to borrow them – is banned for all participants on the NSE.

See chapter three of the NSE RULEB​OOK  for more information on Short Selling.​